Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 approach. Not only that, Chinese is along with a tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, proper unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available getting eco-friendly furniture helps PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or true. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Last tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, there are many similar sounds with different meanings. As a matter of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it isn’t always possible to guess the pronunciation of a design. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which usually composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can’t be related, the concept of the characters can. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the in an identical way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds for example u with an umlaut () that sounds like a program of I and u. Like everything unfamiliar, it leads to uncertainty and are worried. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the initial step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language satisfaction.
The Strategies Used to Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a hunt amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Eastern learners and uncovered interesting results may help future learners in forming a good study tactic. Her study revolves all through most frequently employed Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing in the Chinese heroes.
The study finds that among the top twenty most frequently used strategies, eight of these are related to when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the type is implemented in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the element.
7. Hearing the explanation of the.
8. Associating the character with previously learned identity.
The next six strategies are formerly increase learners’ understanding among the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if the new character has been used above.
12. Trying to discover how intensive testing . used in conversation.
13. Making use of the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how to say hi in mandarin the smoothness could provide in sentences.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning concentrations. There are only three strategies implemented in memorising newly learned nature herself.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time.
16. Saying and picturing the character in memory.
17. Imply sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And there is only one strategy applied in practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed along with two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many years.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are found to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the new characters. Normal strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making association with a similar character
Saying and writing the smoothness repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of back as they learned from what they read, 26% from whatever hear, and 30% from what they see. When learning modes are combined, a considerable improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials these kind of are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students repeat the materials considerable learning as they do anything. Simply reading the characters aren’t enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection with the characters become worse them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces learning. One way the proper this is by using an app for instance The Intelligent Flashcards. This particular flashcard app is manufactured for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters on such basis as chapters. Just does it show stroke order animation, it one other accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app bunches of more convenient that another app while Anki. With Anki, although user can add personal notes on it, the sound file isn’t available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning method to incorporate is observing how a characters are usually employed in context. This can be done by observing real-life conversations to complement the textbook and audio files conversation. Around the globe interesting to remember that trainees studied in the abovementioned research were not wanting to adopt the learning strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese song selections. There could be many reasons why you are this. The fashion of the shows or songs could not appeal to your learners.
Regarding this program is considerably less convenient. Instances if the shows could possibly be accessed online, rarely real estate agent subtitled either in both Chinese and English which will make the shows more useful to beginner learners in having the language. Also, most from the very popular Chinese Television programs fall in the historical genre, which is really a favourite among the Chinese, for instance The Empress of China. However, the language spoken in this particular type of TV show is good deal more complex towards the contemporary spoken Chinese.